is now

As previously discussed, the domain was no longer viable, and the NNTP server has now moved to

Likewise, mailing list subscriptions have been moved from to

As of this writing, neither service is up, because I’m doing the final resync before restarting the services on a new server. I expect the services to be back up again about 21:00 GMT (January 15th 2020), so don’t panic before that time.

DNS changes may also take some time to propagate.

[Edit at 15:30 GMT: I had misremembered how long the rsync took, so we’re now live six hours ahead of schedule. This Shouldn’t Possibly Happen. I mean, a computer project not being late. Anyway, both Gmane and Gwene feeds are now processing, but the news-to-mail bits aren’t up yet.]

OK, service announcement done, so I thought I’d write a bit about what happened the last week:

First of all, thank you for all the nice comments and PVT EMAILs of support. I wasn’t quite sure whether to continue running the NNTP server, but getting some feedback helps.

So then I started moving 15K mailing lists from a subscription on to the new domain, and that was… er… interesting? The process works like this:

The Gmane configuration is a file that has one of these entries per list:

  Testing the Gmane hierarchy
  mailman gt-gmane-test

I’ve got an Emacs mode to do a the maintenance work (subscribing, unsubscribing and the like), so I utilised that to write a function that would send out two unsubscription messages (because lists may be subscribed as or for historical reasons and there’s no record of which one) and one subscription message for the new @m.gmane-mx address. This bit is fully automated, so I could just sit there watching Emacs send out messages at a somewhat speedy clip. (Well, sending out all the messages took 12 hours in total due to how it’s done: It’s actually doing RPC via NNTP so that the messages are sent directly from the MTA instead of from me, because that looks less spammy.)

(While looking at Emacs doing this bit, I watched Witcher, which was surprisingly entertaining… in parts, and really, really tedious for the rest of the time. And, since it was Netflix, it looked cheap and shoddy.)

I did this in 1K batches, because when I’ve triggered this bit, all messages for the group in question go to a special gmane.admin group, so that I can see all the error messages and stuff, but most importantly: The “reply to confirm subscription” messages, which I then have to respond to (from Gnus). That’s semi-scriptable, but when the “please reply” message is in Chinese, I have to kinda guess.

Then after that, the “Welcome to foo” messages start pouring in, and again, handling the ones in English is fine, but then there’s all the other languages. I know Willkommen, and I can guess at bem-vinda and bienvenu, but Japanese is not my forte, so more guessing is involved.

So this took two days, and for the second day I watched both seasons of Fleabag (the first one is really fun and original and weird, and in the second one they removed everything that was interesting about it and made it into a normal boring dramedy, which explains why it’s on all the “best of” lists of 2019, and even won the Golden Globe. Well played!).

Fun bits from this process: If you’re sending out mail to email addresses that may not longer exist, you’ll end up being branded a spammer, but that wasn’t really much of a surprise.

What did surprise me was that Sourceforge has made it impossible to sign up to mailing lists via email, so we either had to abandon the 2K Sourceforge lists (I know! So many! I had no idea) or do something… semimanually. So I wrote a little bit to open Firefox on each list URL, which put the unique into the X selection, so doing each list was “Super-s Right-Mouse TAB TAB SPACE TAB SPACE RET Super-TAB”, and I could do one in five seconds without moving my hands from the keyboard (it’s got build in mouse buttons).

But then it turns out that if you do that a lot, Sourceforge will sic the old-fashioned “click on the three palms” captcha on you. Which took the throughput way, way down.

So for the first half of the Sourceforge lists, I utilised the power of crowdsourcing, and sent off 100 lists each to people who volunteered to do this mindless and boring bit. (Some came back for seconds!) Thank you all again for volunteering.

For the second half, I discovered the wonderful world of captcha solvers, and after signing up with a free API key, it worked pretty reliably. So I did most of the second day myself, since it just added a new “TAB RET” bit to each list. (I watched the Alan Bennett at the BBC box set for this part. It’s quite extraordinary. I particularly loved the one with Mrs Bucket in the hospital… and the one with the photographer in the churchyard… and the one with the guy who retires, is unhappy about the retirement, and then gets a stroke and dies.)

Uhm… Any other observations? Ah, right; the IETF MTAs rate-limited me to about one email per ten minutes, so it took four days for all the un/resubscription messages to get through, and some probably just timed out, so I should do another sweep of those bits.

OK… that’s it? Now I just have to wait for the rsync and the DNS changes, which is why I’m going on for this long.

Let’s hear it for TV and wine; two invaluable companions when doing boring semi-manual labour.

70 thoughts on “ is now”

  1. Thanks, again, from another daily nntp user. Let me just reiterate what lots of others have said: you’ve done a great service to a large community, you don’t owe us anything, you didn’t fuck up, and we owe you more thanks than we’ve given you so far (and money, if you find a way for us to help on that score).

  2. Hi
    I am using GNU emacs 27 (from master).
    I just changed in my setting
    (setq gnus-secondary-select-methods
    ; (nntp “”) ;
    (nntp “”) ;

    but it does not work, could you provide somewhere the correct setting please.

    Uwe Brauer

  3. Dear Lars,

    many, many, many thanks for keeping Gmane alive! I’ll happily wait until the “ to” transition is done! I have one question, though: is offline as well now, so do I have to replace it with in analogy to gmane?

  4. I was going to suggest Selenium to automate the part up to the captcha, but figured it wouldn’t help much because the captcha requires interaction anyway. Together with automated captcha solvers, this task might have been completely automatable! Possibly even in time comparable to how long it took you to do all of it manually.

  5. I’ve working in Gnus now and I see the latest messages from hamlib-developer are present in the NNTP feed. Thanks so much, Lars!

    This community is far from dead. 🙂

  6. Thanks for all your work! It is very much appreciated.

    I don’t see any mails coming in for the Postgres mailings lists though.

    1. Yeah, I don’t know what’s up with the Postgres mailing lists. Have they changed to some list manager that doesn’t allow signing up via email? It seems like no known method for interacting with those lists work now.

        1. It used to be possible to sign up to mailing lists without using the Postgres web interface. If you’re willing to do the sign-ups, I can send you a list of the mailing lists/addresses to be singed up. Mail me at

  7. Long time user here (mostly for Boost). It seemed to be limping along ok until yesterday, but now after stumbling across this blog (in search of why) I’m getting the same result from both and — “connection refused”. (And they also both resolve to the same IP: Is it down again? Do I just need to wait for a DNS update? Or am I just completely failing at parsing UTC times?

    BTW — thanks muchly for the NNTP gateway — I’ve always preferred that over mailing lists.

    1. Oh, fun. It seems like NetworkSolutions finally fixed the problem where they wouldn’t let me change the DNS servers for Without telling me. And I had forgotten to update the DNS settings over at Cloudflare. Should be fixed now, although the DNS changes may take some time to propagate.

      1. Thanks for your quick answer. Indeed, I see that “openssl s_client -connect -starttls nntp” looks OK. I guess KNode/kdelibs4/Qt4 might be choking on TLS 1.3. I am going to continue debugging this and hopefully fix the Fedora KNode package.

      2. So the issue is that supports only TLS 1.2 and later, whereas KNode uses KIO 4 which hardcodes TLS 1.0.

        I am going to try fixing our packaged KIO 4.

  8. I’m a long time gmane user, and would sorely miss it if it went away. Is there any way to donate a few dollars to help the cause?

  9. Sorry, but I had no success to get access to via Thunderbird on Windows 10 (all latest versions). I only get timeouts having no ideas what the reason might be.

  10. Many, many, many thanks for all your work!
    Is there are still groups which is not resubscribed?
    for example:
    is working, but
    is not updated

  11. Hello Lars, Is NTTPS (NNTP+TLS) supported by
    I tried ports 563 and 119, but both seem to time out when TLS is enabled.
    (Port 119 with no encryption works for me.)

      1. It seems Thunderbird supports STARTTLS (Opportunistic TLS) for IMAP/POP3/SMTP, but not for NNTP. I’ll just use the plaintext service.

  12. Wow! After painful days of missing updates and useless googling for “gmane dead again” that gives only those old hits from 2016, I’ve finally found this post! (it’s 2’nd hit when googling for “gmane 2020” 😉 )

    Then it only took me to s/ in .gnus.el and .newsrc.eld to resurrect all the subscriptions! How nice!

    THANKS A LOT, Lars, from yet another happy user!

  13. It appears that has no new postings since the switch-over on January 15. Has it been resubscribed and if not, can it be? Thanks.

  14. I don’t use the NNTP interface daily any more, otherwise I had come here earlier. I actually never knew who ran Gmane (that I’ve used on and off for 15 years or so) until I searched for a bit longer today.

    Very nice to be able to read all this background, but sad at the same time that it causes you, Lars, so much grief. I’m anyway very thankful for the service you have provided to many of us for so long, and I hope that you get at least some satisfaction out of the knowledge that I’m not the only one for whom switching to was not a major issue.

  15. Gmane is important to me and I’m thankful for your work and for your dedication that kept it running all this time! Take care.

  16. Dear Lars,

    There is “” that seems to be stuck since 2016. I believe corresponding mailing list is currently . Could you please try to resurrected it?

    1. I’ve put mailing list name for “” into less-greater signs, and it vanished from the WEB form. Here it is again: “”

  17. Hi, thanks for this incredible service.
    Can you check these 2 Lists:

  18. Thanks for all the work over the years on this, Lars. I’ve been using gmane for a number of years, far preferring NNTP over mailing lists.

    Is there a way yet for individual users to add subscriptions? I’m looking to add the opensuse-heroes ML (archive at It uses mlmmj, like the other openSUSE mailing lists that are already part of the collection.

  19. Hi,

    thanks for your work with gmane.

    I have a problem from the migration.

    1. We have a mailing list which is configured to have reply-to to another mailing list.
    2. When the mail go to, the reply-to are translated to gmane.orf and not to

    Should it be possible to fix it ?

    1. Is this due to address encryption? That is, the thing? Hopefully that’ll be fixed at some point, but I don’t have an ETA now. The encryption can be switched off though; just request that through the “edit list” interface.

  20. Hi Lars,
    the rpmfusion mailing lists ( appear to lo longer work, the last emails available on are from 7th January. I have tried resubscribing via but nothing has changed. Would you mind having a look? Thanks!

  21. I use through Thunderbird and it’s a great service. However, the NetBSD mailing lists reject all my posts because of “forged headers”. Is there a way to know how gmane actually processes messages before being posted onto a mailing list, so that I can send this information to the NetBSD mailing list admins?

    1. If you have SPF enabled on your domain, you probably can’t post via Gmane, since many mailing lists will reject mail coming from Gmane with your From address.

  22. Hi, I am trying to add a mailing list to gmane. It says “The list is already subscribed as” but it is not actually to be found in the archive. Can you give a look at this, Lars?

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